Xây dựng domain controller server 2008

     
Since Windows 2000, Active Directory has been the driving force behind Microsoft vps Networking Services.

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Active Directory provides the structure to lớn centralize the network và store information about network resources across the entire domain. Active Directory uses domain Controllers to keep this centralized storage available to lớn network users.In this scenario we are going khổng lồ install Active Directory fresh with a brand new domain name Controller after a fresh install of Windows vps 2008.

Requirements for Active Directory domain name Services

Let"s go through some of the requirements for a fresh install of Active Directory domain name Services. Some of these will be required khổng lồ be done before hand; others as noted can be done during the install: Install Windows vps 2008 Configure TCP/IP and DNS networking configurations The disk drives that store SYSVOL must be on a local drive configured NTFS Active Directory requires DNS to be installed in the network. If it is not already installed you can specify DNS hệ thống to be installed during the Active Directory domain Services installation.Once you verify that these requirements have been met we can get started.

How khổng lồ Install Active Directory tên miền Services via vps Manager

For the first example let"s start by installing Active Directory through server Manager. This is the most straight forward way, as a wizard will guide you through the steps necessary.1. Start server Manager.2. Select Roles in the left pane, then click on Add Roles in the center console.
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3. Depending on whether you checked off khổng lồ skip the Before You Begin page while installing another service, you will now see warning pages telling you to lớn make sure you have strong security, static IP, and latest patches before adding roles lớn your server.If you get this page, then just click Next.
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4. In the Select vps Roles window we are going to place a check next to lớn Active Directory domain Services và click Next.
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5. The information page on Active Directory domain Services will give the following warnings, which after reading, you should click Next: Install a minimum of two tên miền Controllers lớn provide redundancy against vps outage (which would prevent users from logging in with only one) AD DS requires DNS which if not installed you will be prompted for After installing AD DS you must run dcpromo.exe khổng lồ upgrade to lớn a fully functional domain name controller Installing AD DS will also install DFS Namespaces, DFS Replication, and Filer Replication services which are required by Directory Service
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6. The Confirm Installation Selections screen will show you some information messages & warn that the server may need to lớn be restarted after installation. đánh giá the information & then click Next.
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7. The Installation Results screen will hopefully show Installation Succeeded, và an additional warning about running dcpromo.exe (I think they really want us to run dcpromo).After you review the, click Close.
8. After the Installation Wizard closes you will see that vps manager is showing that Active Directory domain Services is still not running. This is because we have not run dcpromo yet.
9. Click on the Start button, type dcpromo.exe in the search box and either hit Enter or click on the search result.
10. The Active Directory domain Services Installation Wizard will now start. There are link to more information if you want khổng lồ learn a bit more you can follow them or you can go ahead and click Use advanced mode installation and then click Next.

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12. Next is the Choose Deployment Configuration screen & you can choose to địa chỉ cửa hàng a tên miền to an existing forest or create a forest from scratch. Choose Create a new tên miền in a new forest and click Next.
13. The Name the Forest Root domain wants you to lớn name the root domain of the forest you are creating.For the purposes of this thử nghiệm we will create ADExample.com. After typing that go ahead & click Next.
14. The wizard will thử nghiệm to see if that name has been used, after a few seconds you will then be asked for the NetBios name for the domain. In this case I will leave the default in place of ADEXAMPLE, & then click Next.
15. The next screen is the Set Forest Functional level that allows you to choose the function cấp độ of the forest.Since this is a fresh install & a new forest with no additional prior version domains lớn worry about I am going lớn select Windows server 2008. If you did have other tên miền controllers at earlier versions or had a need lớn have Windows 2000 or 2003 domain controllers (because of Exchange for example), then you should select the appropriate function level.Select Windows hệ thống 2008 and then click Next.
16. Now we come to the Additional tên miền Controller Options where you can select to install a DNS server, which is recommended on the first tên miền controller.If this was not the first domain name controller you would have the options of installing Global Catalog and/or setting this as a Read-only tên miền Controller. Since it is the first tên miền controller, Global Catalog is mandatory, & a RDOC controller is not an available option.Let"s install the DNS hệ thống by placing a check next khổng lồ it and clicking Next.
17. You will get a warning window about delegation for this DNS vps cannot be created, but since this is the first DNS vps you can just click Yes và ignore this warning.
18. Next you can choose to place the files that are necessary for Active Directory, including the Database, Log Files, & SYSVOL.It is recommended lớn place the log files & database on a separate volume for performance và recoverability. You can just leave the defaults though & click Next.
19. Now choose a password for Directory Services Restore Mode that is different than the domain name password. Type your password and confirm it before hitting Next.Note: You should use a STRONG password for this và will be warned if it doesn"t meet criteria.
20. Next you will see a summary of all the options you have went through in the wizard.If you plan on creating more domain name controllers with the same settings hit the Export settings … button lớn save off a txt copy of the settings to lớn use in an answer file for a scripted install. After exporting và reviewing settings click on Next.
21. Now the installation will start including the DNS vps option if selected. You will notice a box to Reboot on completion that you can kiểm tra to reboot soon as everything is installed (A reboot is required you can vày it manually or use this function to vị it automatically).NOTE: This can be from a few minutes khổng lồ several hours depending on different factors.

Confirming Active Directory domain name Services Install

When you reboot you will be asked lớn login to lớn the domain, và be able to mở cửa Active Directory Users và Computers from the Administrative menu. When you bởi you will see the domain ADExample.com and be able khổng lồ manage the domain.

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