Cách backup dữ liệu win 7 cứu hộ máy, backup and restore files in windows 7

     
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INTRODUCTION

Losing data because of a computer problem or a hard disk crash is discouraging, to say the least. You might thất bại family photos, your music collection, or financial data. And, after you get the computer just the way that you want it, it can take a long time to lớn reconfigure your personal settings on a new computer: desktop background, sounds, screensavers, và wireless network configurations to name just a few However, a little prevention can go a long way lớn avoiding this ordeal. To help save you lots of time và aggravation, we recommend that you take the precaution of regularly backing up your data & settings.This article describes how to lớn manually back up your personal files & settings in Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, and Windows hệ thống 2003. It also describes how to lớn use the data tools in Windows khổng lồ back up your files & settings.

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Method 1: Manually back up your files & settings lớn removable media or khổng lồ a network location

The simplest method is lớn manually back up your files & settings lớn removable media or a network location. You can specify the files and settings that you want khổng lồ back up và how often you want to lớn perform a backup.Note Examples of removable truyền thông include external hard disks, DVDs, CDs, và USB memory cards. You can back up files khổng lồ a different computer or a network device if your computer is connected to a network such as a wireless network.To manually copy your files to lớn a network location or khổng lồ removable media on a computer that is running Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, or Windows vps 2003, follow these steps:

Click Start

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, click Computer and then double-click the drive where you currently have Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, or Windows hệ thống 2003 installed.

Open the Users folder, and then mở cửa the user thư mục that contains the files that you want to lớn back up.

Copy the necessary folders from the user thư mục to a network location or lớn removable media.

Notes

To back up data for all users, repeat steps 2–3.

To determine the kích thước of all the files in the user folder, select all the folders, right-click those selected folders, & then click Properties.

The saved files can be copied to lớn any computer. However, you must have corresponding applications installed on that computer to open those individual files.

Not all applications save their files lớn the user folder. You should make sure that you kiểm tra other applications và the tệp tin system location where the applications save files by default, and then copy those files to lớn the network location or khổng lồ the removable media.

Method 2: Use the Easy Transfer feature to back up data khổng lồ a different computer

The next easiest method is khổng lồ use the Easy Transfer feature in Windows to lớn transfer data khổng lồ a different computer. This section discusses the following scenarios in which you can use the Easy Transfer feature lớn back up data lớn a different computer:

Your computer OS

Target computer OS

Windows 7

Windows 7

Windows 7

Windows Vista

Windows Vista

Windows Vista

Back up a Windows 7-based computer

Transfer files và settings to lớn another Windows 7-based computer

The Windows Easy Transfer feature lets you khổng lồ back up user trương mục files and settings. Then you can restore those files và settings lớn a new computer. To start Windows Easy Transfer, follow these steps:

Click Start, type windows easy transfer in the Start search box, và then click Windows Easy Transfer in the Programs list.

Follow the instructions lớn transfer your files và settings.

Transfer files & settings khổng lồ a Windows Vista-based computer

If you want to lớn move your data from a Windows 7-based computer to a Windows Vista-based computer, use the Windows Vista version of Windows Easy Transfer. To vị this, follow these steps:

On a Windows 7-based computer, insert the Windows Vista CD or DVD

Click to exit the Windows Vista setup program.

Click Start, click Computer, right-click the CD or DVD drive, & then click Open.

Open the jdomain.vn folder, and then xuất hiện the migwiz folder

Double-click the Migwiz.exe file.

Follow the instructions to lớn begin the transfer from Windows 7.

Back up a Windows Vista-based computer

Transfer files and settings lớn another Windows Vista-based computer

The Windows Easy Transfer feature lets you khổng lồ back up user trương mục files & settings. Then you can restore those files và settings khổng lồ the new computer. To lớn start Windows Easy Transfer, follow these steps:

Click Start, type transfer in the Start tìm kiếm box, và then click Windows Easy Transfer in the Programs list.

Click Next. If you are prompted to lớn close programs, make sure that you have saved any mở cửa documents, and then click Close all.

Follow the steps khổng lồ transfer files and settings.

Method 3: Use the Backup and Restore Center

As a precaution, you can use the Backup & Restore Center feature in Windows 7 and Windows Vista lớn back up your data.

Back up a Windows 7-based computer

Note Data that you back up by using the Windows 7 Backup & Restore Center can be restored only on a Windows 7-based operating system.

Click Start, type backup in the Start tìm kiếm box, and then click Backup và Restore in the Programs list.Note If you are prompted khổng lồ close programs, make sure that you have saved any mở cửa documents và close those programs. Or, click Close Programs.

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Under Back up or restore your files, click Set up backup.

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Select where you want lớn save your backup, và then click Next.Note Remember to save your backup files khổng lồ removable truyền thông or a network location.

Click Let Windows choose or Let me choose, and then click Next.

Make the appropriate selections, and then click Next or Save Settings & run backup.

The backup will be saved khổng lồ the backup location.

Back up a Windows Vista-based computer

Note Data that you back up by using Windows Vista Backup & Restore Center can be restored only on a Windows Vista operating system.

Click Start, type backup in the Start search box, and then click Backup và Restore in the Programs list.

Click Back up files under Back up files or your entire computer.

Select where you want khổng lồ store the file backup, và then click Next.

Select the disk or disks that you want lớn back up, & then click Next

Select the tệp tin type or file types that you want khổng lồ back up, và then click Next.

Click Save Settings, & then start the backup.

Your backup will be saved to the selected backup location.

Method 4: Transfer files from a Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows vps 2003-based computer

Use the Windows XP Files and Settings Transfer Wizard

You can use the Windows XP Files và Settings Transfer Wizard lớn transfer files in Windows XP, or Windows vps 2003, or Windows 2000 computer.

Click Start, click All Programs, click Accessories, click System Tools, & then click Files & Settings Transfer Wizard.

Click Next, click Old computer, and then click Next.

Select how you want to transfer your files. If you select Other, you can save to lớn a network location or to lớn removable truyền thông media so that you can keep a backup for your records.

Select what you want to lớn back up, và then click Next.

Additional resources

We recommend the following when you back up data:

Don’t back up your files lớn a recovery partition or lớn the same hard disk on which Windows is installed.Note Manufacturers frequently configure a recovery partition on a computer. Typically, a recovery partition is displayed as a hard disk drive.

Always store the truyền thông media that you use for backups in a secure location to lớn prevent unauthorized access khổng lồ your files.

Try lớn use a fireproof location that"s separate from your computer"s location. Also, consider encrypting the backup data.


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